• All this information is available to find extremely easily, only 1 source even mentions the Natives…

  • Are they real people?

  • Emerging from or retreating to the forest?

  • Physically and symbolically marginalized

    • Dwarfed by the three dominant white men in the foreground of the relief

    • The standing Native appears much shorter than the standing white men

    • The kneeling native is displaying a submissive posture

  • Passive agents in an active scene

  • (1595– 26 May 1675)

  • Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England

  • Attended Emmanuel College, Cambridge

  • Ordained as a priest of the Church of England

  • Arrived in Weymouth MA in 1623

  • Lived on what is now the Boston Common

  • 1588-1667

  • Puritan clergyman

  • Minister of first church of Boston from its inception until his death in 1667

  • Born in Sudbury in Suffolk, England

  • Sailed with John Winthrop

  • Returned to England twice after arrival in Boston

    • Once to bring his wife back

    • Once to conduct business

  • Was part of controversy surrounding Christianity in Boston

  • Part of the reason that Anne Hutchinson was banished from Massachusetts

  • Wilson and Cotton were central in the controversy and later trails that ensued from the rising Quaker presence in Boston

  • The first protestant minister to the Native people

    • November 1633 – visited Agawam (now known as Ipswich)

    • Visited the natives, tended to the sick, preached to those who spoke enough English to understand him

  • January 12, 1587 – March 26, 1649)

  • First governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony

    • Elected while still in England

  • Attended Trinity College

  • Married to Mary Forth, remarried twice

  • Had 5 children

  • Emigrated to escape religious persecution of the puritans

  • Arrived with 700 settlers

  • Sat on the council which decided to raid Native villages on Block Island (Pequot War’s first major action)

  • Actively kept 1 Pequot male and 2 females as slaves

  • Born in Essex England

  • Arrived with the Winthrop fleet in 1630

  • Claimed to be the first person who set foot on land

    • Unsubstantiated claim

  • Married inn keeper William Pollard and had 13 children

  • Owned and operated a tavern near modern day Park Street Church

  • Lived to be between 100-105

SAILOR TEXT

  • Allegorical forms express intangible qualities

  • Symbolize and personify abstract ideas

  • The woman on the right of the bas- relief is an allegorical image of the city of Boston, soldier to represent growth and military might 

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